A DSLR (Digital Single-Lens Reflex) camera and a mirrorless camera are two different types of digital cameras with distinct design characteristics.
Design: DSLR cameras have a traditional design with a mirror mechanism inside the camera body. This mirror reflects light coming through the lens into an optical viewfinder, allowing you to see the scene directly through the lens. Mirrorless cameras, on the other hand, lack the mirror mechanism and use an electronic viewfinder (EVF) or the camera's LCD screen to preview the image.
Size and Weight: Mirrorless cameras are generally smaller and lighter compared to DSLRs. The absence of the mirror and the optical viewfinder allows for a more compact camera body. This makes mirrorless cameras more portable and convenient for travel or everyday use.
Autofocus System: DSLRs traditionally have a sophisticated autofocus system that uses phase-detection autofocus (PDAF) through the viewfinder. Mirrorless cameras initially used contrast-detection autofocus (CDAF), which was slower. However, modern mirrorless cameras now often incorporate hybrid autofocus systems that combine both phase-detection and contrast-detection autofocus, providing fast and accurate focusing.
Continuous Shooting Speed: Mirrorless cameras often have an advantage when it comes to continuous shooting speed. Since there is no mirror to move out of the way between each shot, mirrorless cameras can shoot at higher burst rates, allowing you to capture fast-action scenes more effectively.
Video Capabilities: Both DSLRs and mirrorless cameras can record high-quality video, but mirrorless cameras generally excel in this area. Due to their electronic viewfinder and live view functionality, they can offer features like real-time exposure preview, focus peaking, and silent shooting, making them popular among videographers.
Lens Selection: DSLRs have been on the market for a longer time and, therefore, have a more extensive range of compatible lenses available from various manufacturers. However, mirrorless systems have been rapidly expanding their lens lineups, and many manufacturers now offer a wide selection of lenses specifically designed for mirrorless cameras.
Battery Life: DSLRs tend to have better battery life compared to mirrorless cameras. The electronic viewfinder and constant use of the rear LCD screen in mirrorless cameras can consume more power, resulting in shorter battery life. However, this can vary depending on the specific camera model and usage.
t's important to note that technology is constantly evolving, and advancements are being made in both DSLR and mirrorless camera systems. The decision between the two ultimately depends on individual preferences, shooting style, and specific needs.